Anniversary of the discovery of the precious stone of the Croatian language

place: Zagreb, Croatia
organiser: NSK
Baščanska ploča, a tablet bearing an inscription in the Croatian language probably dating from 1105, is one of the most valuable Croatian monuments. It was discovered on 15 September 1851 on the island of Krk in the church of St. Lucy in Jurandvor near Baška, owing to the local clergyman Petar Dorčić.

The inscription contains 13 lines of the Glagolitic letters with the upper part of the tablet being decorated by the pattern of vine tendrils. As to the script used in the inscription, it is usually considered that it reflects the form representative of the transition from the round into angular Glagolitic script and includes both Latin and Cyrillic letters. Today the tablet is preserved at the Palace of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, while the visitors of Jurandvor may see the copy of the tablet.

The stone slab, 198 cm long, 99 cm high and 8 cm wide, was originally part of the altar rail, and later it was placed on the church floor, serving as a memorial stone. The islanders thus walked over it, wearing down the carved letters. Nevertheless, the text inscribed on the tablet has survived and today its content is known in its entirety.

This stone inscription is actually a grant by which King Zvonimir donated an estate to the church. Its text is an exalted account of how two Benedictine abbots raised the small church of St. Lucy on the land that they received as a gift from King Zvonimir.

Since 2011 the cast of the Baška Tablet may be seen in the lobby of the National and University Library in Zagreb.

(Source: NSK)

(D.H., 18.09.2012)