parade, ceremony

The Anniversary of the Peasants’ Revolt: Gornja Stubica

time: 09.02.2012. - 11.02.2012.
place: Gornja Stubica, Croatia
organiser: Tourist Board Gornja Stubica
The event presents a peasant and a revolutionary Matija Gubec urging the peasants into revolt and portrays the final battle (cannons, rifles, legendary peasants’ weapons, archers, the gentry and peasant armies) with the participation of over 100 extras and 150 members of various associations.

It is a brilliant staging of the battle, failed negotiations and the tragic finale of the defeated peasants, the capture of Matija Gubec and his deportation to Zagreb. There are also interesting interactive workshops which attract visitors’ attention and urge the participation of parents and children alike (mostly from Zagreb), who join in the events, dressed as peasants or the gentry.  

Ambroz "Matija" Gubec (Hungarian: Gubecz Máté) (before 1556 – 15 February 1573) was a Croatian peasant and a revolutionary, best known as the leader of the Croatian-Slovenian peasant revolt. Before the revolt, Gubec was a serf on the estate of the landowner Franjo Tahy.

When the revolt erupted, the peasants elected Matija Gubec to be one of the leaders, and renowned for his personal qualities, he became the most influential leader of the rebellion. During his brief tenure he showed ability as a capable administrator and inspiring leader that would later create a legend. He earned the nickname Gubec Beg.

Matija Gubec led the peasant army during its last stand at the Battle of Stubičko Polje on 9 February 1573. Before the battle he made a speech trying to convince the men that only victory could bring them freedom, while the defeat would bring more misery. After the defeat he was captured and taken to Zagreb. On 15 February he was publicly tortured, being forced to wear a red-hot iron crown, cruelly dragged along the streets of the city, pinched with red-hot iron pincers, and was subsequently quartered.

While Matija Gubec's cause was defeated, his legacy continued to be preserved in local folklore throughout the centuries. In the 20th century, Josip Broz Tito and the Yugoslav Partisans embraced his cause as their own. During World War II, a Croatian and Slovenian brigade were named after him. He is also depicted as the protagonist of Gubec Beg, one of the first rock operas in modern Croatia. A museum of Croatian-Slovenian peasant revolt led by him is founded in Oršić Castle in Gornja Stubica, near the place of his last battle. (Source: wiki)

(Source: Croatian Tourist Board)

(D.H., 17.01.2012)