A brief overview of media art in Croatia (part II)

Ivona Kočica and Kristina Babić have been working on the manipulation of the electronically generated and digital photography since 1994. Darko Fritz has explored different aspects of media art - as part of group projects such as SIŽ, Katedrala and Balkania and various network art projects, as well as independently by staging fax actions (since 1991, Hype), digital photography (since 1990, La Strategia del regno), the laser installation Measure for Measure, 1992, the first attempt at webcast in 1994 (Keep the Frequency Clear) while one of the eight stages of the End of the Message project that spanned several years (1995-2000) has been on the internet since 1996. As part of the project, the End of Message (Archives live!) sound and video work takes place simultaneously in a gallery and over the radio (1996). Expert input was involved in the Theater Time project (1995) through the participation of theorists and critics in a TV program (that ran parallel to the event in the gallery and the movie theater). Since 2001, p.sound (remix), an open sound network piece has been taking place on the internet. A sound piece by Rino Efendić with taped sex phone conversations from 1998 inspired his colleagues from Split, the artist Petar Grimani and the curator and theorist Ana Peraica, to include sound pieces at the 21st Springtime event in 1998. Twenty-four authors created a series of sound performances and installations in a public space entitled ArtAKUSTIKA and the Technology of Sounded Space web project, presented at the Lada 98 exhibition (Rimini, 1998) that included a live audio stream. Ivan Marušić Klif created a series of sound performances in which he used various analogue and digital recordings and sound processors, as well as text-to-speech programs (Planet majmuna, 1997, Komunistički Manifesto, 2000). In the Speaker System project by Kristina Leko, apart from various actions and public installations, a part of the project was performed on radio air (the 3rd channel of HRT, 1994). The Kad razmjena teži maksimumu tad priliježe nuli work (1998) was comprised of remixes of intimate nature from his answering machine. In collaboration with Darko Fritz she created a piece called Kristina Leko, Darko Fritz and Nina Simone, a documentary recording of the exchange of the phone address books which was also an overview of their social and professional network. As part of the Big Torino exhibition (1999), Tomo Savić Gecan published an ad in the local newspapers with the date of the opening and the phone number of the gallery. The visitors could take turns answering the phone displayed in the gallery.

Ivan Ladislav Galeta created a series of sound projects (Speed Up, 1977, Forwards-Backwards: Voice, 1977, Forwards-Backwards: Guitar, 1977, Minutenwalzer, 1978, Piano, 1979, Obrnuti Glas, 1985) 

Helena Bulaja: Freedom in the City or just Illusion..., net.art, 1996

Zvonimir Bakotin has created a series of web projects since the very beginning of the web. Examples of pioneering net.art work are Transnavigation and Fresh - shaped for the participation in the Refresh project, 1996, one of the first network art works on the internet. In 1996 he was awarded the first prize for an experimental model of a 3D interface for the de DAM (De Digitale Stad Amsterdam). In 1997, he created a 3D project for the De Waag Society of the New and Old Media in Amsterdam. Between 1996 and 1998, he created a 3D model of the Diocletian Palace that underwent an extensive testing on the Digitale Stata network. The Diocletian Palace is still a work in progress and the project will be put on the internet in due time. Merzbau 3D is a joint project with the Van Gogh television (VGTV) for the Sprengel Museum Hannover from 1999, a 3D interactive (VRML) model. A member of the VRML-ART board, Helena Bulaja called the visual artist, Petar Grimani to join in an internet project descriptively entitled Freedom in the City or just illusion... 1/2Ook….WWWSCULPTURE….introducing real space to cyberspace and vice versa - METAPHORS, performed at the 1996 Youth Salon. The newly designed portal incorporates in the work a simultaneous and multiple choice of web works of other on-line authors, created in the then new frames on the browser (Netscape Navigator 2.0). The project was first shown in the Ars Electronica web gallery in 1997. The next project that continues the idea - Freedom in the City of just Illusion - Urban Alphabet) also included the architect Vlatka Turniški and was first shown at the Zagreb Salon (architecture, 1997). The project used a new form of Netscape (3.0) and attempted at a fusion of about 50 web cameras from different cities. The project succeeded in exploiting the sending but not the receiving of the web cast. The interesting point of the architecture of this work is in the use of the web user that set in motion a web cast in the gallery without consciously controlling the action.

Tomo Savic Gecan: interactiv internet installation, SKUC, Ljubljana, 1999

In a series of his work, Tomo Savić Gecan used (that a group of people had conceived) new communication tools in order to make almost imperceptible alterations in space. The web users (by web cast) unpredictably set in motion (only a few millimeters) an architectonic element at the SKUC gallery in Ljubljana (1999). The sensorially detected presence of the visitors of the Begane Grond gallery in Utrecht briefly interrupted an escalator in the Kaptol shopping center in Zagreb (2001). In his next work, the sensors in a gallery in Los Angeles turned on and off the lights in the flat of the artist in Amsterdam (2002). Andrea Kulunčić has created a series of internet works since 1997. Closed reality: Embryo is an interdisciplinary web work that actively incited internet users to think out and participate in the discussion about the creation of new life. In 2002, with a group internet work called Distributive justice, she participated at the Big Torino and Documenta 11 exhibitions. After her postgraduate studies in interactive multimedia (1996-1997), Maja Kuzmanović took residence in the Netherlands and Belgium. She created a great number of media work: web sites since 1996, CD-ROMs since 1995, performance, installation, video, hypermedia works, etc. In the Once Upon a Time project (1997) she used interactive photography, interactive film and interactive narration, and used and developed new technologies in collaboration with scientists. In 2001, she founded the FOAM association. Blazenko Karesin created a series of internet works. In 22% (1998), he used a web browser with the knjiga keyword since the project tackled the subject of (high) tax levied on book commerce in Croatia, and in the Strategic.Competitor work (2002) he created a politically engaged and, at the same time, intimate internet piece. In the late 1990s, a new aesthetic of internet works appeared that abolished the line between art and design, the so-called Flash generacija. Ingrid Stojić participated with her Interfaces work at dotCulture 2002. The Broadcasting project (dedicated to Nikola Tesla, Zagreb, 2002) involved a series of video streaming performances of Croatian authors (Lala Raščić and Ana Husman, Ivan Marušić Klif, Marjan Crtalić).

Sandro Đukić: REALNOST SLIKE - SLIKA REALNOSTI (2 minutes and 10 seconds Dante Galleries - Marino Cettina), 1998-2

The transformation of digital information into the analogue domain is present in the work of several authors. In the Biblioteka project, Sandro Djukic (since 1999) has been transforming media reality (digitalized video) into the archives of 200,000 video frames in the form of a book, being lost through the generations of digital compression, the possibility of returning to the re-establishment of primary (digital) format. In 2000-2001, in the 204_NO_CONTENT graphic folder (2001), Darko Fritz and the net. artist Mez - Mary Ann Breeze (Australia) transformed the text with www. Reports on server mistakes and coded artistic texts into a graphic language on paper. Dalibor Martinis performed works from the Binarni sistem series. In the Zabranjeno parkiranje work, the message coded in the binary code was written by parking 45 new silver and black cars in a line (150 meters) at the main square of the German town of Rosenheim. Several works with binary messages have been created by tolling the bells (since 2000).